Tango Topics | Exploring Your Dance


Musical Interpretation (parts 1 & 2)

Musical Interpretation. When most people hear the phrase ‘Musical Interpretation’ they usually end up looking at you with a blank stare, blinking their eyes at you now and again, until you use the word that makes sense to them: “Musicality”. And then they’re like, “Weeeeellll! Why didn’t you say so in the first place…..”, and then it’s like you’re best buddies again! 

First and foremost, let’s get something out of the way. “Musicality” doesn’t mean what you think it does, as you’ll soon see. Secondly and most importantly the word itself means ‘to BE music’! Hmm, you can write the music, you can listen to the music, you can dance to the music, but you can not…if I am not mistaken, BE music. It is impossible. However, you can INTERPRET the Music! 

The Workshop Problem. A class or workshop tutorial on ‘Musicality” doesn’t actually teach you about music, nor does it teach to dance to the music as a whole. A 1hr (or 1.5 hr) workshop or even a 6 week series is not going to teach you to dance to the music. The topic is wide and vast, and seemingly overwhelming. Further still, the very idea that you can ‘interpret’ the music is so far beyond most people’s understanding (or so they believe) that it overwhelms them when they begin to see the complexity of the topic at hand. 

Usually most people’s experience with ‘musicality’ workshops that they’ve had in the past is as follows: 1.) you are first shown/taught a step, a pattern, or a figure. 2.) You go through several rotations of partners learning the step/pattern/figure. 3.) The last 15 minutes to half hour of class is showing you the same example of the figure you’ve spent 45 minutes learning only now somehow, magically, it goes with a piece of music or a style of music or an aspect that is specific to that piece of music that may sometimes occur here and there. 4.) You’re shown a few variations on a theme of the figure, and somewhere about the 3rd or 4th your eyes start to glaze over. 5.) The idea of Counting Beats is reinforced: On the 2nd beat you step here, on the 3rd beat the Follower is supposed to step there, on the 4th….and so on.

Is this dancing ? No.
It’s a game of Twister, only to music. 🙁

Ask yourself the following questions: Are you any wiser as to where the beat is at, or were you stomping behind someone else, copying them ? Has the class or workshop taught you about the orchestral style ? Probably not. Has it informed you about why this orchestra was important or any history about that orchestra or in fact the primary singers of that orchestra ? It may, but the topic is so wide and vast that it quite literally hurts your head to consider all the permutations that it’s impossible to put it all into one 1.5 hr session or into a weekend workshop. (note: This is what Tango Topics has broken out into the Tango Del Dia section of the process so that you can learn this stuff independently, and learn why it’s important to the process.).  Has it taught you what you’re supposed to be listening for, and more importantly why ? And beyond that has it taught you how to do that ? More than likely it’s taught you a figure, but that figure only applies to that specific piece of music, and types like it. And further, the figure only applies in bits and pieces, or sections of the music. So what are you supposed to do with the rest of the time ? Walk ? Ha! At the same time said workshop has most certainly thrown this word around “Phrase”, but do you have any idea, more so now, than you did 45 minutes ago what a ‘phrase’ is and how it applies everywhere else ? Are you any clearer on the idea of ‘Musicality’ than you were 45 minutes ago ? Probably not. But what you have done is spent the better portion of an hour or so, learning a figure that you’ll probably never use, and very little time on the ‘musical’ part that you absolutely need to learn. 

This comprises most people’s experience of a ‘musicality’ class. It’s not all of them, nor is this to disparage anyone’s work on this topic. This section is here to point out the disparity of the problem, and why teaching and learning this stuff takes time, patience, and lots of practice! And more importantly why you do actually have to study with someone for a long while to get this stuff. It’s not going to happen in 5 minutes, or 5 weeks, or 5 sessions, or 5 months. Get that thought right out of your head. That’s a fallacy!

learning tango is challenging. registering makes it easier. 😉

Have you seen the Walking Systems video ? This video series showcases the Six Ways of expanding your walk in Tango using: Parallel System Walking, Cross System Walking, Three Track Walking, ‘Lazy’ Ochos, The Snake Walks, & Alternate Walking.

Learn > The Six Ways of Walking

mark found the habanera in gold madness. you can too! 🙂

What is ‘Musical Interpretation’ ? Musical Interpretation is a term that brings together two very different skillsets that should not be confused or co-mingled together. And they usually are, sadly. Both have to be accessed at the same time in order for Musical Interpretation to work properly, however these are two very different skills that must be pursued with all due diligence.  

The first part is ’Musical’. Which can be, but is not limited to – Either role hears the music in a very specific way, whereby they’re collectively, and/or separately, able to hear the beat, pause, and phrase (not phrasing – that’s entirely different idea) within the overall structure of a piece of music. This is about hearing the music, and its individual components. Not acting on them, but instead hearing them, keeping track of them, and understanding what’s going on. That last part is insanely difficult to do, and takes some time to get. Sometimes, ok – a lot of the time, most people get too wrapped up in their own excitement of the next part of this stuff and never focus on the one thing that they absolutely must… AND/OR they focus on one aspect (the beat, usually) alone and believe that this will be ‘enough’. It’s not by the way. This idea is, and this is not to disparage your ideas, can be almost pedestrian in nature. We do want to aspire to something more that accentuates the nuance and spirit of the music, not just it’s beat alone.

The second part is ‘Interpretation’, which is what you do with that beat, pause, and phrase (the ‘phrasing’, that’s the doing part of phrases) of the overall piece of music so that you see the movement or dancing part in the music. Ideally this is the desired result. However, and this where Interpretation takes on its real meaning. While you can vary that idea to express a point, a counterpoint of the music, but in the end, one is always working towards creating a larger vision of the music. Not to just visually represent the song note for note or phrase to phrase, but to show its nuances as well as its overall presence in the physical world. This is the beginning of ‘Interpretation’.

registration is free, costs nothing, and takes 2 minutes. 

Have you seen any of our Foundation Series ? It’s over an hr (8 videos) of Foundation Technique covering your Extensions, Feet, Posture, Embrace, and the beginnings of your Walk, and much more….

See > Foundations Bundle

milonga madness and a gold subscription together = 🙂

A Few ‘Musical’ Problems. There are some problems with the Musical part above that must be addressed first and foremost. One problem that comes up a lot of people is that they’re beat challenged and don’t know it. 1.) They run too fast (ahead of the beat and actually think it’s one thing when it’s another). 2.) They run too slow (same problem as too fast, only in reverse). And/or 3.) They are slightly ahead, or slightly behind the beat, and/or running across the beat all at the same time.

Compounding the beat problem is that most of you reading this from a Leading perspective have been taught to Count Beats which is about as useful as a small kitchen appliance that’s been unplugged. From a Following perspective you’ve been taught to “do your thing as long as it doesn’t interrupt the lead (small ‘l’, the action, and not the person ‘L’) without actually ‘hearing’ what it is that you’re ‘not interrupting’.

Next we have the Musical Pause or ‘Rest’ issue that is frequently misread, misunderstood, or ignored completely by design or as is more likely the case, ignorant that a Musical Pause actually exists and is not arbitrary, but in fact built into the music and must be respected. But a question comes up in this, which is one reason why it’s highly misunderstood, “How do you hear something that isn’t there ?”.

Still another issue that compounds the Musical problem is purely psychological. Some people have been told from a very early age that they can’t find a beat to save their lives. This message is so ingrained that they buy into this fallacy without question over time. Still another is that some are so wrapped up in the fear of not getting the beat, or not understanding it, that their anxiety over their inadequacy that they anticipate the beat in the wrong places, and at a the wrong times. The common solution for a lot of Leads to these problems is to learn lots of steps, patterns, and figures to mask the overall problem.

The Performance Problem! Let’s remove a component from the table that needs to be addressed. This is not about a performance. Social Musical Interpretation is not about replicating someone’s performance that you saw on youtube. No. That is an artistic expression from that couple, and their idea of what can happen under certain ideal conditions. However there are a few problems with this expression. 1.) First and foremost, 9 times out of 10, what you see in a performance can not, and will not work in the line of dance! Mostly because there is no space for 90% of that stuff. If you take out all the volcadas, sacadas, boleos, ganchos, what’s left are turns, ochos, walking, crosses, and variations of them in open and close embrace, which forms the basis of Social Tango! 2.) What you’re looking at is generally selling that couple’s idea of tango to you. It is, again, a performance to sell you on them. However, this isn’t about selling you anything, this is about dancing with your partner, to accentuate the music and to create a pleasant dancing experience that you’ll have lovely memories about! 3.) No one gives a rat’s damn if you know 356 Sacadas, or can Boleo over your head! The only thing that most people care about is whether or not the dance was pleasant, enjoyable, and most of all ‘musical’. That’s all that people care about. And that’s the basis of SOCIAL TANGO or in this case, Social Musical Interpretation.

you know registration is free, takes 2 minutes, & you get cool stuff. 🙂

Have you seen any of our entire Follower Technique Series ? It’s over 2.37 hrs (24 videos) of Follower Technique covering your Extensions, Feet, Posture, Embrace, Walk, Embellishments, Traveling Ochos, The Follower’s Molinete, The Argentine Cross and more…

Read & Watch > Follower Technique

fred feared milonga. he got milonga madness. he rocks now.

How to Clean Up The Musical Problem ? In order to clean up the problems above, five things must happen in sequence:

1.) (Beat Course) Clarify what the beat is, and is not, and then develop a regime to teach how to hear a beat within its proper tempo (speed) consistently. What are the markers for a beat, and what to listen for.
2.) (Beat Course with Exercises) Recalibrate someone’s innate (and quite natural) ordering and sorting skills, as it relates to hearing the ‘pattern’ of the music out of the chaos of the music, with the goal to hearing and retraining someone to hear ‘Musical Time’.
3.) (Pauses Course) Introduce the Dancer to the 5 Common Types of Musical Pauses that occur everywhere in Tango Music, and then practice hearing those pauses every day for 44 days with examples of Tango, Vals, and finally Milonga music of where a pause is, and then type those pauses, consistently through daily Tango del Dia quizzes. 😉 Starting with the 14 Days of Tango Music.
4.) (Accents Course) Introduce the dancer to Musical Accents, Off Notes, La Variacion, and The Singer, and employ Tango Del Dia Level 2.
5.) (Structure Course) Introduce the dancer to the overall structure of the music and the 6 (sometimes 8) parts of a song.

if you registered, you’d get to see a lot of free content!

Have you seen any of our entire Leading Technique Series ? It’s over 5 hrs (18 videos) of Lead Technique covering your Extensions, Feet, Posture, Embrace, Walk, Embellishments, Traveling Ochos, The Follower’s Molinete, The Argentine Cross and more…

See > Lead Technique

adam is working on the sacada. he subscribed. he’s got it all worked out.

How to Start to Interpret The Music ? It is important to recognize that the process of Interpretation is not an easy pathway. It is going to take some time. Note the language that’s used here in the opening question, “how to START…?”, “Start” being the operative word. Interpretation doesn’t happen overnight. You don’t just magically start to interpret the music. No. You must first be trained in what to listen for. However, that training above this is only one half of the equation. The other half of the equation is the vocabulary component, it is an important stepping stone (no pun intended). In short, you have to know what to do with that music. And that’s the vocabulary portion of the process.

The belief is that Musical Interpretation can only happen with lots of intricate and complex patterns, and figures. Not true. And quite honestly those patterns and figures are based on very, very simple, easy to digest, concepts and ideas –  Ochos, Turns, and Crosses.

A really good way to start the process of Musical Interpretation is with very simple ideas that can be built upon and then expanded, and that’s where we introduce an important, but foundational structure that must be clear in the dancer’s mind regardless of role: The 6 Ways of Walking! Without this key component present in the dancer’s bag of skills, there’s quite literally no point in doing anything else until this skill has been introduced, practiced religiously, and then thoroughly and completely mastered from a Leading AND Following perspective. As this idea is the cornerstone of everything else that comes after it.

What’s Next ? It’s not a ‘next’ but a ‘while’. All the while that the above is going on, 3 things must absolutely occur at the same time:

1.) The dancer must have mastered the 6 Ways of Walking from a Leading perspective as well as from a Following perspective.  These are literally the ‘keys’ to the city of Tango. Without them, there’s no point in cleaning up the ‘Musical’ problem, or trying to Interpret the Music. Because the tools for what you will do with that interpretation do not exist. The 6 Ways of Walking is the First tool. And if this sounds like a sales pitch. It’s not. It’s what has to be present in order for everything else to take place. Everything that is in this course contains this most basic element. Sections 1 and 2 of this course begins this process by walking you through and marrying beat and pauses with the 6 ways of walking.

2.) The dancer must begin their mastery in 3 types of Tango vocabulary. In specific: Ochos, Turns, and Crosses.

a.) 2 of the 8 types of Ochos. – Milonguero (“Lazy”) Ochos and Traveling Ochos.
b.) The 8 types of Turns, and in specific the Follower’s Molinete, the Milonguero Turn, and the Argentine Calecita.
c.) 2 of the 256 types of Argentine Cross, and Back and Forward Floating and Rotating Crosses.

3.) The dancer must be introduced to 2 foundational concepts that take us to the next level of Musical Interpretation: Alternation, and Symmetry.

Next month, sections 3 and 4 of Musical Interpretation will display Alternation, and Symmetry!

There’s a lot more to this ArticleThere’s the extensive Lead’s Perspective, the deeper Follower’s Technique Perspective, and sometimes we throw in a complete Dancing Perspective part, all of which are only visible to Tango Topics Freemium Registered Users, Gold Subscribers, Diamond Level Users, and Milonga Madness Users. To become a Freemium user, Registration is absolutely 100% FREE, click the button below, and you get access to this article, and over 400 videos, hundreds of articles on a wide range of Tango Topics. So what are you waiting for, go register, then login to your Tango Topics Library page and then select the “ARTICLES” button and you’ll see this article with all that good stuff in there. Easy. No ? 🙂

FREEMIUM REGISTRATIONpractical tango advice, open articles, free videos

Why You Need This! Music is the foundation of the dance. Without it, duh, there is no dance. However, when it comes to Tango, things get complicated very quickly because unlike other social dances where you can fool around with the beat, you can do that in Tango too by the way, what you can’t do, and so many people do, is fool around with 5 Musical Pause Types! This is the holy grail of tango music. And unless you hear them, you’re going to have an awful nasty time social dancing. Most people just throw in any piece of vocabulary to a piece of music, moment after moment and after moment. But the 5 Pauses Types dictate very clearly what you want to do. Unfortunately, almost no one listens to that and we end up with ‘haphazard’ dancing that looks shall we say questionable and haphazard at best. So yeah, you need this, a lot. And because this particular musical topic deals with WalkingMilonguero Ochos, Milonguero Turns, The Follower’s Molinete, Traveling Ochos, or The Argentine Cross, then it’s applied very differently, and you need to start applying that stuff to your musical interpretation to thereby clarify what it is that you are interpreting in the music. This is very different than just following a beat, this is using the pause with a piece of vocabulary that makes that music stand out! So yeah, you need this.


This video is NOT for sale. You can only view it with a Tango Topics Subscription.

About The Video. This video package comes in at 52m:32s in length in 6 Sections, and 8 Subsections.

Section 1 – Opening – 00:02:48 (this video is above)
Section 2 – The ‘What’ Part – 00:10:59
Section 3 – The ‘What’ Example – 00:05:40
Section 4 – The ‘How’ Part – 00:03:02
Section 5 – Level 1 – 00:12:32
   – part 1 – walking on every beat – parallel system. (metronome)
   – part 2 – walking on every other beat – parallel system. (metronome)
   – part 3 – walking on every beat to the pauses – parallel system. (metronome/music)
   – part 4 – walking on every other beat to the pauses – parallel system. (metronome/music)
Section 6 – Level 2 – 00:17:37
   – part 5 – walking on every beat to the pauses – 6 ways of walking. (metronome)
      a.) parallel. b.) 3 track cross. c.) milonguero ochos. d.) inside ‘snake’ walk. e.) outside ‘snake’ walk. f.) alternate walk ‘a’.

   – part 6 – example dance – walking on every beat to the pauses – 6 ways of walking. (music)
   – part 7 – walking on every other beat to the pauses – 6 ways of walking. (metronome)
      a.) parallel. b.) 3 track cross. c.) milonguero ochos. d.) inside ‘snake’ walk. e.) outside ‘snake’ walk. f.) alternate walk ‘a’.
   – part 8 – example dance – walking on every beat to the pauses – 6 ways of walking. (music)

This video is NOT for sale. You can only view it with a Tango Topics Subscription.

you know if you registered, you be in the know by now

Have you seen the Milonguero Turn video ? This is the epitome of Turns for tight milongas, encuentros, and marathons! The essence of refined dancing in 3 simple steps that will blow your mind, thrill your partners, and up your tango game!

See > The Milonguero Turn

jim walks. and walks. and walks. his partners love it. he subscribed. 😉 

One More Thing.

It’s important to recognize that while you’re going through this process above, and it is a long process that will take you about 6 to 9 months to ferment in your mind and body, that you must also be practicing every single day (solo practice), you must be going out social dancing as much as possible. You must be dancing with as many people as possible, in every kind of condition, and in every space. The reason is that the dancer must be trained to be able to exist under all possible conditions with every type of dancer, every style, in every opportunity. This is conditioning in it’s simplest form. It forms the basis of The Neurology of Leading (and Following).

Learning this stuff in a studio or at home is ok, but you need real world experience and practice. That real world practice must be concurrently used with all of the above. Without it, there’s quite literally no point in doing any of this stuff. You will falter in your goal to be able to dance in a ‘musical’ way. The reason is that while dancing in a studio space with just one partner, or practicing with just one partner, in an antiseptic environment without other couples in the line of dance, while being good ‘practice’, does not prepare you for actual social dancing. The line of dance, at an actual milonga or practica, is the only place where you can get that experience.

So while sitting here and tapping out a beat, and/or watching a video on what you need to do, to give you ideas of what has to happen is all fine and good…this point can’t be stressed enough, you actually have to go out social dancing as often as is humanly possible. Read that as EVERY WAKING MOMENT! No excuses. None. Family, job, relationships, bills, money, etc…all of that stuff must take a back seat, temporarily, until you start this process. Make it part of your weekly regime, set yourself an easily attainable goal: 2 to 3 Milongas a week where you can play with the stuff below, or 2 Practicas and a Milonga every week, and once a month head off to a larger tango environment in a larger city, like Boston, Portland (OR), New York, Berlin, Dallas, Hamburg, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Frankfurt, San Francisco, St. Louis, Tampa, Miami, Tokyo, Taipei, Shanghai, Los Angeles, Perth, Brisbane, Houston, Melbourne, London, Paris just to name a few.

The Missing Information. Dearest Reader. TangoTopics is glad that you want to read this Topic, so that you can dig a little deeper into your foundation, into the music, into the codigos of the dance. However, you’re missing three important parts to this Article: The Follower’s Perspective, The Lead’s Perspective, and The Dancing Perspective. Which can change your thinking by informing of some important pieces of information that you may not necessarily be aware of. Watching a 5 minute video will not help you to change. Change is a concerted effort and requires a little thinking on your part: Becoming a Freeium User! As the name implies, it’s FREE. Register. You get to see everything above, and a whole lot more! 😉 Have a nice day.

Have you seen the Milonga Madness series ? Over 2.5 hrs of pure Milonga Instruction GOLD with one of the best Social Milonga Teaching couples alive: Detlef Engel & Melina Sedó! It covers everything you need to know to get you up and running today with Milonga. Don’t delay, subscribe today!

Milonga Madness with Detlef Engel & Melina Sedo

explore your dance with a subscription! 😉

Why should you subscribe instead ?  Several reasons.  1.) Probably the biggest reason is to save a boatload of money. Buying these things outright isn’t cheap. Besides when you buy you only have access to the one video. Subscribing, on the other hand, gives you access to everything else so you can see the foundational material that goes with this stuff. 2.) Even if you’re a Free User, you’ll get access to free tips that aren’t available to anyone just reading the post like this one. 3.) Sometimes there are slightly different versions of the videos, that add a bit more content for the free user vs. an unregistered user. 4.) Because the Dancing Perspectives (Lead, Follow, and Dancing) are hidden to the open user. And that’s where all the information is at, unless you actually subscribe. Until you do, those very important textual descriptions of what’s going on for both Lead and Follow you want to read. 5.) And the real reason you should subscribe ? If you’re used to YouTube videos where you’ll see a performance, those Youtube videos don’t explain or walk you through how these ideas work! That is why! What you’re seeing is a presentation, a performance. Not how things work! And what you really need to see is how things work, and more importantly why they work! This website shows you that and more! 

Remember that what you’re seeing is a couple that is performing for the 15th row for a room full of people, they’re not social dancing. Whereas this website is all about ‘Social Dancing’  or how to make things function on a social dance floor. Social Dance floor ? Your local milonga! They’re showing flashy moves as a presentation! But not stopping and talking about how this works, why you’d want to put that piece of vocabulary there, or how to make things fit. This website is all about those things and more!

You could watch those videos and thereby spend your time, trying to infer, and figure out how things may work in that particular situation. Bend your body this way or that, twist and force this position or that. Place your foot here or there and figure it out. This is known as Tango Twister.  Which can be a lot of fun, but more than likely it won’t help you, because you’re missing something: The explanation from an experienced teacher showing you how to properly excute this stuff from a Leading Perspective as well as from a Following Perspective!

The goal of YouTube videos is to get you to study with those teachers in person. The goal of Tango Topics videos allows you to work at your own pace, in the comfort of your own space, so that you can play them over and over again to improve your understanding of the vocabulary or technique being described to therefore better your dancing experience. The goal of classes and workshops is to get you to come back over and over and over again, thereby spending more money with that teacher. This website and the videos under it are here to act as a resource for you to help you to improve your dance. Pay once and you’re done.

Eventually, one way or another you’re going to pay for this lesson, either here and now, or with them. TANSTAAFL! The difference between that lesson and this ? Is that you get to play this lesson over and over and over again. Further still, there are supporting materials (other videos) that help to explain the language and the underlying technique of how and why things work, so you can easily reference those things in the corresponding articles that go with the material, and or any language in the Tango Topics Dictionary. 


register for the site at no cost & get more great, and detailed content from tango topics!


Scroll to top


on Dec 31, 2020 at 12:01 Tango Topics will cease operation

The site will go dark, and ALL of its content will disappear in short order right after that.

What will happen to all of the content I’ve built over the last 5 years ?
It will get stored on a hard drive and it will not see the light of day after that.

What about all the content aside from the videos ? I will retain a working copy of the site, but the site will get deleted.

If you want more information, please visit this link.

If you would like to purchase the entire tangotopics library, the fee is $2500 US for a personal license. Please send a message to: sales@tangotopics.com 

Otherwise, thanks for reading.  

%d bloggers like this:
Hide picture